Web-documentaire exclusif!

Voici enfin notre web-documentaire (3h07’23”) en 10 chapitres et 19 épisodes :

A la découverte de Vernon Lee

 Auteure Sophie Geoffroy

Réal. Thomas Cordet et Gilles Pasquet

I. Préface 31’12’’

  1. L’origine de la recherche. Sophie Geoffroy, interview par Thomas Cordet, la Réunion. 10’07’’
  2. 2. La création de The Sibyl, Journal of Vernon Lee Studies. Sophie Geoffroy, interview par Thomas Cordet, la Réunion. 10’21’’

3. La création de l’International Vernon Lee Society. Sophie Geoffroy, interview par Thomas Cordet, la Réunion. 10’44’’

II.  Vernon Lee’s Papers 4’18’’

  1. Dr Anne Manuel, interview par Sophie Geoffroy, Somerville College, Oxford, UK.
  2. Dr Patricia Burdick, interview par Sophie Geoffroy, Colby College, Special Collections, Waterville, Maine, USA.

III. Vernon Lee et ses ami-e-s correspondant-e-s 10’35’’

  1. Vernon Lee et H.G. Wells. Amanda Gagel, interview par Sophie Geoffroy, Chicago, USA. 2’38’’

2. Vernon Lee et Walter Pater. Stefano-Maria Evangelista, interview par Sophie Geoffroy, Trinity College, Oxford, UK. 4’35’’

3. Vernon Lee et Gabriele d’Annunzio ; Vernon Lee et Mario Praz. Elisa Bizzotto, interview par Sophie Geoffroy, Villa Il Palmerino, Florence. 03’22’’

 IV. Vernon Lee et son entourage 31’44’

Vernon Lee et ses cousins Abadam. 07’02’’:

Margaret Vaughan, interview par Sophie Geoffroy, Carmarthen (Wales)

Jill Davies, interview par Sophie Geoffroy, Carmarthen (Wales)

Vernon Lee et Irene Forbes-Mosse. Christa Zorn, interview par Sophie Geoffroy, Chicago. 03’07’’

Vernon Lee et la famille Noufflard. Geneviève Noufflard, interview par Sophie Geoffroy, Paris.

a. Les visites de Vernon Lee à la famille Noufflard. 04’43’’

b. Souvenirs de la première rencontre par Berthe Noufflard (lus par Geneviève Noufflard). 11’34’’

c. La découverte des films d’André Noufflard. Stefano Vincieri et Federica Parretti, interview par Sophie Geoffroy. Villa Il Palmerino, Florence, Italie. 05’18’’

 V. Vernon Lee et la Villa Il Palmerino 11’37’’

Margherita Ciacci, interview par Sophie Geoffroy. British Institute, Florence

Stefano Vincieri, Federica Parretti, Laura Terzani, interview par Sophie Geoffroy. Villa Il Palmerino, Florence.

 VI. Vernon Lee lectrice 8’16’’

Shafquat Towheed, interview par Florence Binard. Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines, Université de La Réunion.

Alyson Price, interview par Sophie Geoffroy. British Institute, Florence.

 VII. Vernon Lee et la science 9’50’’

Shafquat Towheed, interview par Sophie Geoffroy, Somerville College, Oxford.

 VIII. Vernon Lee et le féminisme 4’12’’

Margherita Ciacci, interview par Sophie Geoffroy, British Institute, Florence.

Anne Manuel, interview par Sophie Geoffroy, Somerville College, Oxford.

 IX. Vernon Lee et la première guerre mondiale 05’00’’

Phyllis Mannocchi, interview par Sophie Geoffroy, Waterville, Maine, USA.

Christa Zorn, interview par Sophie Geoffroy, Chicago, USA.

 X. Vernon Lee, une femme libre 1h10’39”

conférence-spectacle de Sophie Geoffroy et Mélanie Prochasson, la Réunion.

  1. Partie 1 : la fabrique d’une femme libre. 38’16’’
  1. Partie 2 : Vernon Lee, une femme libre, engagée pour la paix. 32’23’’
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Vient de paraître aux éditions Michel Houdiard

 

Dear readers/ Chers lecteurs,

nous avons le plaisir de vous annoncer la parution du recueil d’articles consacrés à la pensée politique de femmes engagées du dix-neuvième siècle, comme Vernon Lee, aux éditions Michel Houdiard. Ce livre rassemble onze articles issus des deux colloques internationaux organisés à Paris en octobre 2013 et mars 2015 par Sophie Geoffroy (U. de La Réunion) et Michel Prum (U. Paris-Diderot-Sorbonne-Cité).

We are glad to announce the publication of the volume of articles dedicated to Vernon Lee’s and other nineteenth century women’s political theory. This book gathers the selected proceedings of the two international conferences organised in Paris in October 2013 and March 2015 by Pr. Sophie Geoffroy (U. of La Réunion) and Pr. Michel Prum (U. Paris-Diderot-Sorbonne-Cité).

Les femmes et la pensée politique : Vernon Lee et les cercles radicaux

Women and Political Theory : Vernon Lee and Radical Circles

Contents/ Table des matières

Introduction                                                                                                         Sophie Geoffroy

  • Vernon Lee e Gaetano Salvemini                                                          Stefano Vincieri
  • Vernon Lee and Gaetano Salvemini                                   transl. by Sophie Jorrand
  • Being in Borders: Vernon Lee, Empathy and Pacifist Resistance

                                                                                                                           Rachel Baldacchino

  • V. Lee and the Ford Sisters: varieties of socialism and trade unionism

                                                                                                                                      Marie Terrier

  • Vernon Lee and Ednah Dow Cheney: Aesthetics, Art, and Affect

                                                                                                                            Therese B. Dykeman

  • “War Work” and the Philosophy of Heroism: A. Mary F. Robinson Duclaux’s “Friendly Fire” with Marie Lenèru and Vernon Lee                                    Patricia Rigg
  • The Unique Correspondence of Vernon Lee and Irene Forbes-Mosse in World War I: Women’s Friendship Transcending Enemy Lines                                          Christa Zorn
  • Vernon Lee, Paul Desjardins, Daniel Halévy and Romain Rolland      Sophie Geoffroy
  • Vernon Lee and Charlotte Perkins Gilman: the Anglo-American alliance on the “Woman Question””                                          Gabriella di Martino and Sole Alba Zollo
  • A Tale of Two Americans, the History They Made, and a Comparison: Julia Ward Howe 1819-1910, Voltairine de Cleyre 1866-1912, and Vernon Lee 1856-1935

                                                                                                                             Therese B. Dykeman

  • Mary Duclaux                                                                                Jacqueline Bayard-Pierlot
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Study Day and Worshop 2017 – Journée d’étude et séminaire technique

Du manuscrit à la base de données en ligne : travailler sur des sources primaires

Journée d’études et séminaire technique

Université de La Réunion

19 octobre 2017

 Une journée d’études et un séminaire technique sur le thème « travailler sur des sources primaires: du manuscrit à la base de données » organisés par Sophie Geoffroy (LCF & ITEM-CNRS) sont prévus à l’Université de La Réunion le 19 octobre 2017.

Cette manifestation scientifique prend place dans le cadre du programme INNOFAM (Innovation-Femmes-Progrès) / WIP (Women-Innovation-Progress) qui a pour objectif de contribuer à favoriser l’acquisition de nouvelles compétences et l’autonomisation des jeunes, en particulier les femmes, de la région océan Indien, en leur donnant accès à des méthodes de recherche, de diffusion des connaissances scientifiques et de valorisation de la recherche. Innovation, Transmission, Relève, telles sont les notions clefs de cette journée d’études et séminaire technique.

Nous invitons les chercheurs expérimentés à partager les méthodes autant que les résultats de leurs travaux scientifiques avec la future génération de chercheurs.

Nous avons choisi de nous attacher à la personnalité de « Vernon Lee » (Violet Paget, 1856-1935), femme cosmopolite, humaniste, pacifiste, visionnaire, éclectique, européenne avant l’heure, en avance dans de nombreux domaines de réflexion. Elle concentre l’énergie de nombreux chercheurs disséminés dans le monde

A la Réunion, le travail sur les sources primaires concernant Vernon Lee est particulièrement actif. La vocation naturelle de ce projet est donc de se tenir ici, lieu de lancement de The Sibyl, de l’IVLS, et du web-documentaire récent.

C’est pourquoi nous sommes heureux et fiers d’accueillir à l’Université de La Réunion cet événement, qui permettra à nos étudiant-e-s de rencontrer des spécialistes internationaux de Vernon Lee ainsi que des jeunes chercheurs du monde entier.

Nous invitons les contributions portant sur l’édition critique de sources primaires de Lee. Les communications seront centrées sur le processus entier d’élaboration d’une telle édition, du traitement de documents manuscrits inédits à l’édition critique (papier ou numérique) et à la base de données.

Un séminaire technique dirigé par le Dr. Shafquat Towheed (Open University, UK) fournira l’occasion de s’entraîner concrètement à l’utilisation de la base de données RED (Reading Experience Database). Les participante-s apprendront à identifier les références à l’histoire de la lecture à partir de sources imprimées, manuscrites ou numériques, et à les saisir dans la base. Il s’agira d’apprendre à utiliser les différentes rubriques, à vérifier les informations, et à nourrir la base en intégrant de nouvelles références.

A l’issue de cette manifestation se tiendra l’Assemblée Générale annuelle de l’association IVLS (International Vernon Lee Society). Les membres de l’IVLS sont attendus et recevront leur convocation sous peu.

Si vous souhaitez adhérer à l’IVLS, ou pour plus de renseignements : https://thesibylblog.com/international-vernon-lee-society-ivls/

***

From Holograph to Online Database: Working on Primary Sources

Study Day and Worskhop 

University of La Réunion (France)

October 19, 2017

 A study day and workshop organised by Sophie Geoffroy (LCF & ITEM-CNRS) are scheduled to take place at the University of La Réunion (France), October 19, 2017.

This study day and workshop are part of the program INNOFAM (Innovation–Femmes-Progrès) / WIP (Women-Innovation-Progress) aiming to empower young people, especially women, in the Indian Ocean area by upgrading their skills or training them to acquire new skills and by enhancing female role models.

To favour scientific innovation, experienced researchers are invited to share their research methods as well as their scholarly knowledge with the next generation of researchers.

The character, life and works of the cosmopolitan intellectual, pacifist, feminist, committed writer and visionary pro-Europe Violet Paget (« Vernon Lee », 1856-1935) will be chosen as a case in point, for her ability to analyse and to foresee future development in various domains.

Scholarly research about Vernon Lee has considerably developed in recent years, thanks to new findings and to the publication of primary sources, especially her correspondence.

Reunion island, where The Sibyl, Journal of Vernon Lee Studies and other important initiatives originated and developed (the IVLS ; the web-documentary) has been one of the most active Lee research centers in the world.

We shall proudly host this event, thus enabling our students to meet international specialists of Vernon Lee and young Lee scholars around the world.

We invite contributions dealing with the critical edition of Lee primary sources. Presentations will focus on the whole process from the treatment of holograph material to transcription, to critical edition (paper and digital) and database.

A training workshop directed by Dr. Shafquat Towheed (Open University, UK) will provide a ‘hands on’ training and guidance for future contributors to the Reading Experience Database. It will show how to identify records of reading evidence from printed, manuscript, and online resources, and how to enter this information into the database. It will train contributors to understand the different data fields, show them how to check information, and provide guidance about how to record a reading experience in the database. By doing so, it will equip researchers to use the Reading Experience Database as a repository of information about reading.

The annual general meeting of the International Vernon Lee Society will take place on that same day, after the workshop and seminar.

All IVLS members are welcome ! A regular call to attend the meeting is on its way to our members.

For more information about the IVLS, please click https://thesibylblog.com/international-vernon-lee-society-ivls/

 

 

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sad news: Geneviève Noufflard

Dear friends
chers amis,

nous avons la douleur de vous faire part du décès de notre chère amie Geneviève Noufflard.
It is with great sadness that we inform you of the passing of our dear friend Geneviève Noufflard.

Une cérémonie religieuse aura lieu mardi 3 janvier 2017 à 10 h 30 en la Basilique de Ste Clotilde, rue Las Cases, à Paris (7ème).
Elle sera inhumée au cimetière de Vallorcine (Haute Savoie) mercredi matin.

A religious ceremony will take place on Tuesday 3 January 2017 at 10.30 a.m., Basilica of Sainte-Clotilde, rue Las Cases, 75007 Paris.
Her final resting place will be in Vallorcine (Haute Savoie), where she will be buried on wednesday.

Geneviève Noufflard, fille des peintres André Noufflard et Berthe Noufflard, avait connu Vernon Lee entre 1925 et 1935, et était membre d’honneur de notre association.

Geneviève Noufflard, who was the daughter of painters André and Berthe Noufflard, had known Vernon Lee between 1925 and 1935, and was an honorary member of the IVLS.

Soyons nombreux à nous retrouver pour accompagner notre amie mardi matin à Paris et mercredi matin à Vallorcine pour ceux qui le peuvent.

Let us accompany our friend on Tuesday morning in Paris and, for those who can, in Vallorcine on wednesday morning.

Sincères condoléances à vous tous et à sa famille.

We would like to offer our deepest sympathy at our loss.

Sophie Geoffroy

Gilles Pasquet

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Selected Letters of Vernon Lee, Vol. I, Routledge

Dear readers, chers lecteurs,

nous avons l’immense plaisir de vous annoncer la parution du volume I de la Correspondance de Vernon Lee, aux éditions Routledge:

It is an immense pleasure to announce the publication of:

Selected Letters of Vernon Lee, 1856 – 1935

Volume I, 1865-1884

Edited by

Amanda Gagel (Editor) & Sophie Geoffroy (Associate Editor)

© 2017 – Routledge

658 pages

Contents

Acknowledgments                                                 ix

List of illustrations                                                xi

Introduction by Amanda Gagel                         xiii

Editorial policy                                                      xxvii

Historical note                                                      xxxi

List of correspondents                                       xxxv

The Letters: 1865-1884                                           1

References                                                              617

Bibliography                                                          619

Index                                                                         625

This critical edition gathers for the first time after A Gagel’s Doctorate Thesis, over 350 letters from 40 archives. Written in English, French, German or Italian, they have been translated into English when necessary by Christa Zorn (from the German), Crystal Hall (from the Italian) and Sophie Geoffroy (from the French). Numerous footnotes, notices and a 33-page index illuminate the reading of these exceptional letters.

Cette édition critique rassemble, pour la première fois depuis la Thèse d’A. Gagel, plus de 350 lettres pour la plupart inédites issues de près de 40 archives publiques ou privées dans le monde. Rédigées en anglais, en français, en italien ou en allemand, elles sont présentées en version bilingue: les lettres en allemand ont été traduites par Christa Zorn (Indiana South University), les lettres en italien par Crystal Hall, les lettres en français par Sophie Geoffroy. L’appareil critique important comporte notamment d’abondantes notes, des notices et un index de 33 pages.

Correspondants (vol. I):

Matilda Adams, Henry Ferguson Paget, Eugene Lee-Hamilton, (Agnes) Mary Frances Robinson (future Darmesteter, puis Duclaux), Henrietta Jenkin, Linda Villari, Cornelia Turner, Enrico Nencioni, Mario Pratesi, Angelo De Gubernatis, Pietro Fanfani, Carlo Placci, Telemaco Signorini, William Blackwood, Percy William Bunting, Thomas Hay Sweet Escott, Frances Power Cobbe, Marie Schüpbach (future Krebs).

We are particularly grateful to:

Nos remerciements vont en particulier à:

Patricia Burdick, Maggie Libby, and Erin Rhodes, at the Vernon Lee Archive in the Miller Library at Colby College, Maine.

The Angelli-Parretti family, and especially Federica Parretti and Stefano Vincieri of the Associazione Culturale Palmerino

Guillaume Fau, at the Bibliothèque Nationale de France in Paris, Manuscrits

Dr. Anne Manuel at the Vernon Lee Archive at Somerville College, Oxford

Dr. Corinna Jäger-Trees at the Bern Literary Archive

Alyson Price at the British Institute in Florence

Laura Desideri at the Gabinetto Vieusseux

Fiorella Superbi at Villa I Tatti

The British Library

The Bodleian Library, Oxford

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CFP: Vernon Lee Seminar in Paris, March 8, 2016

Dear friends, dear colleagues
chers ami-e-s et collègues,

a one-day seminar on Vernon Lee will take place next March 8th, 2016 (International Woman’s Day), at the Université Paris-Diderot-Sorbonne-Cité about:
« Vernon lee and her circle : Women committed to freedom ».

Une Journée d’Etude est organisée le 8 mars 2016 (Journée Internationale de la Femme), à l’Université Paris-Diderot-Sorbonne-Cité sur le thème:
« Vernon Lee et son réseau: des femmes engagées pour la liberté ».

UNIVERSITÉ DE PARIS-DIDEROT
Bâtiment/Building Olympe de Gouge
Salle 720/Room 720

Cette JE est organisée par l’Université de Paris-Diderot et l’International Vernon Lee Society, avec le soutien de l’UFR EILA, la SAGEF, le GRER, et The Sibyl.

Cette journée d’études a pour objectif de mettre en lumière la pensée et l’engagement politiques de Vernon Lee et d’autres femmes (britanniques, françaises, italiennes, allemandes, suisses…) de son cercle engagées par leurs écrits ou par leurs actes en faveur de la liberté.
Les participants auront l’occasion d’adhérer à l’International Vernon Lee Society.

This seminar will aim to further the knowledge on the commitment to freedom of Vernon Lee in relation to contemporaneous British, Italian, French, Swiss, and German radical women’s circles.
Participants will have the opportunity of joining the International Vernon Lee Society.

Comité d’organisation

Sophie GEOFFROY (Université de la Réunion)
Michel PRUM (Université de Paris-Diderot)
Florence BINARD (Université de Paris-Diderot)

Comité scientifique/Scientific Board

Florence BINARD (Université de Paris-Diderot)
Sophie GEOFFROY (Université de La Réunion)
Phyllis MANNOCCHI (Colby University) (to be confirmed)
Michel PRUM (Université de Paris-Diderot)
Shafquat TOWHEED (London Open University) (to be confirmed)
Christa ZORN (Indiana University Southeast) (to be confirmed)

Les textes sélectionnés seront publiés aux éditions Michel Houdiard dans un volume regroupant les actes du Colloque de Paris (“Les femmes et la pensée politique: Vernon Lee et les cercles radicaux”) d’octobre 2013.

The selected papers will be published by Michel Houdiard publishing company together with the proceedings of the Paris 2013 conference (“Women and Political Theory: Vernon Lee and Radical Circles, 19th c-20th c.”).

Dans l’attente et l’espoir de votre participation, nous vous souhaitons une très bonne et heureuse année 2016,

Looking forward to your positive answer and participation, we wish you a very happy New Year,

Sophie Geoffroy
Michel Prum

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Celebrating Violet Paget’s Birthday Today- Anniversaire de la naissance de Violet Paget (14 october 1856 – 13 February 1935)

This gallery contains 5 photos.

Dear readers,  Chers lecteurs et lectrices, 159 years ago today, Violet (or Violette, as she sometimes signed) Paget was born in France, Château-Saint Léonard, Boulogne-sur-mer, Pas-de-Calais, from Matilda Adams and Henry Ferguson Paget.  Il y a 159 ans aujourd’hui, Violet … Continue reading

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IVLS Annual meeting in Paris – June 26, 2015

Bien chers amis de Vernon Lee, dear Vernon Lee’s friends,

Nous avons le plaisir de vous inviter à l’ Assemblée Générale annuelle de l’IVLS (International Vernon Lee Society) qui aura lieu / the annual meeting of the International Vernon Lee Society (IVLS) will be held

Le 26 Juin 2015 / June 26, 2015

17-19 heures/5-7 p.m.

salle 720 / room 720

Bâtiment /Building Olympe de Gouges (7ème étage / 7th floor)

Université de Paris-Diderot.

Ordre du jour prévisionnel /provisional agenda:

1. Bilan moral de la présidente et approbation / Activity report and vote

2. Rapport financier du Trésorier et approbation / financial statement and vote

3. Le point sur les publications et travaux en cours / work in progress

4. Perspectives et projets / projects

5. Questions diverses / Other matters

6. Présentation de la biographie de Marie Duclaux par l’auteure, Jacqueline Bayard-Pierlot / presentation of the biography of Marie Duclaux by the author, Jacqueline Bayard-Pierlot.

N’hésitez pas à nous faire part de vos demandes ou suggestions de points à mettre à l’ordre du jour./ Please feel free to send your suggestions to us.

Nous vous remercions de nous indiquer si vous assisterez à cette assemblée (par mail de préférence). Thank you for confirming your presence (preferably by email). 

En espérant vous voir adhérer à l’IVLS et participer à cette réunion du 26 juin/ hoping to see you join in the IVLS and to see you soon in Paris

amitiés leeiennes / yours sincereLEE

Sophie Geoffroy

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Mary Robinson-Duclaux, d’une rive l’autre

Bien chers tous, dear all,

J’ai le plaisir de vous annoncer la parution de la biographie de Mary Robinson – Duclaux par Jacqueline Bayard-Pierlot aux éditions Christian: Mary Duclaux, 1857-1944, d’une rive l’autre.

It is a great pleasure for me to announce that Jacqueline Bayard-Pierlot is publishing the biography of Mary Robinson – Duclaux Mary Duclaux, 1857-1944, d’une rive l’autre (Edition Christian).

Vous trouverez ci dessous le bon de présentation et bon de commande du livre.

Please find below the attached form to discover and order the book.

Félicitations à l’auteure pour cet ouvrage très attendu au sujet de cette amie très chère de Vernon Lee, poétesse et femme de lettres accomplie.

Congratulations to Jacqueline on the publication of this important biography of Mary, Vernon Lee’s dear friend, and an accomplished poet and author in her own right.

Bien amicalement

Yours sincereLEE

Sophie Geoffroy

flyer mary duclaux petit format jpeg

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Sieberg & Zorn, The Anglo-German Correspondence of Vernon Lee and Irene Forbes-Mosse during World War I ; Women Writers’ Friendship Transcending Enemy Lines

The Anglo-German Correspondence of Vernon Lee and Irene Forbes-Mosse during World War I ; Women Writers’ Friendship Transcending Enemy Lines

Edited by Herward Sieberg and Christa Zorn. With a Foreword by Phyllis Mannocchi.Lewiston/Lampeter : Edwin Mellen Press, 2014. 463 pages.

Book review by Sophie Geoffroy

This eagerly awaited book is the first published edition of Vernon Lee’s letters since the volume edited and privately printed by Irene Cooper Willis in 1937: Vernon Lee’s Selected Letters Home. Not only is it the first edition of letters thought lost in a period of trouble (1914-1918), but it is also the very first critical edition of Lee’s letters ever published.

As the editors write:

Given the extreme difficulties under which Europeans exchanged letters during the war, it is almost a miracle that so many of Lee’s and Forbes-Mosse’s letters have been preserved. Censorship, delayed or forwarded letters, and both writers’ movements between places even during the war years, have complicated the preservation of these letters. (Sieberg and Zorn 32)

The impressive list of acknowledgements to private owners, copyright holders, archivists, scholars, institutional supports and sponsors testifies to the authors’ ethical framework and academic and scientific standing as Lee and Forbes-Mosse scholars.

So does the very clear, crisp, vigorous and masterly foreword by the major Vernon Lee scholar: Phyllis Mannocchi (Colby College).

The table of contents conveniently provides a brief summary of the contents of the 108 letters: 41 letters dating from 1914, 33 letters dating from 1915, 19 letters dating from 1916, 7 letters dating from 1917, 8 letters dating from 1918.

Sieberg and Zorn’s comprehensive general introduction is highly commendable for the completeness and accuracy of their presentation of the letters themselves and for the solid theoretical background they rely on, as much as for their well-informed discussion of the assumptions of modern historiography.

Their textual and technical considerations about the chosen methodology are exemplary too, providing a most useful tool for anyone involved in textual scholarship and genetic criticism: what are the different preliminary steps prior to the « reading » of private letters? Zorn and Sieberg’s impeccable scientific and intellectual rigour turn the evocation of the careful work entailed by their initially serendipitous discovery into a breath-taking scientific account.

Indeed, such an edition is a linguistic tour de force, given the predicament of censorship which impacted communication across the borders during the war by forbidding sealed letters between members of the belligerent countries and allowing only open letters written in the Censor’s language :

I will now write open letters in German. If You should even get this, please use the Italian way through Fortunata (Casa Cambi, Viale Alessandro Volta) or the bank. And write in German since Your letter written in German did arrive. (Lee in Sieberg and Zorn 43-4)

The language issue is made more tricky still by Lee and Forbes-Mosse’s resorting to abbreviations so as to evade censorship – and indeed one is thankful to Zorn and Sieberg for solving the riddle of some of those allusive letters.

Equally complex is Lee and Forbes-Mosse’s cosmopolitan fluent use of several languages, or translanguaging, when German, French, English, Italian and Latin sentences and phrases are mixed (e. g. Lee’s letter to I. Forbes-Mosse dated 19 sept. 1914, in Sieberg and Zorn 73-74).

Zorn and Sieberg have happily chosen to publish the letters in their original languages with a translation into English, thus enabling international readers to discover the wide range of I. Forbes-Mosse and Lee’s interests and involvement in contemporary issues in their respective countries and across the borders.

Scholars will be happy to discover new details about Vernon Lee’s translations of Irene Forbes-Mosse or of Irene’s cousin, the economist Lujo Brentano.

The transcriptions of V. Lee and I. Forbes-Mosse’s letters are accompanied by copious and impeccable footnotes which generously provide a wealth of illuminating and enlivening supplementary details: letter-writing practices, personal relationships, relevant historical events, summaries and reviews of the articles and the books cited, all of which enhances the actual quality of the letters by a most welcome historical and theoretical context.

V. Lee and I. Forbes-Mosse’s respect and affection for members of the former’s household (Carlo Rivai and Fortunata Mazzoli) or the latter’s (Beppa and her sister), or close life-long friends of theirs (Evelyn Wimbush…) are particularly touching, as well as V. Lee’s looking for Mabel Price’s young nephew, Owen Price, missing since 22 August 1914,[1] or helping a German nurse to get a job, or expressing her sympathy for prisoners of war of all countries, or campaigning tirelessly in favour of Belgian refugees…

The biographies of well-known personalities which can found in the footnotes enhance Vernon Lee’s relations with Maria Krebs Waser (V. Lee’s teacher Marie Schüpbach’s daughter), Elisabeth von Arnim, Irene Cooper-Willis, Bertrand Russell, the Ranee, Lady Ottoline and Philip Morrell, Henry Noel Braisford, to name but a few.

The reader also encounters feminists like Elena French-Cini (president of the Federazione Femminile Toscana e del Consiglio Nazionale delle Donne Italiane), or like Isabella O. Ford and her sisters, Emily and Bessie, founders of the Leeds Women Suffrage Society. The preparation of the Hague Congress of Women (28 April-10 May 1915) features prominently in Lee and Forbes-Mosse’s letters, too.

Feminism and pacifism are one and the same thing for Lee, who goes as far as to ask I. Forbes-Mosse to

 [d]onate the annual lease to the unemployed. Not the soldiers’ widows. I have also refused to give money to the English ones. I loathe everything that has to do with the war, and I would like to give the annual lease money to the unemployed female workers. (Lee in Sieberg and Zorn 60)

Zorn and Sieberg’s footnotes also extensively present the newspapers of the time being cited in the letters. These are remarkably clear presentations and commentaries, complete with the names and biographies of political leaders and introductions to political movements or groups, among which the UDC (Union of Democratic Control) and its members (Frances W. Hirst, Charles P. Trevelyan, John Burns, Ralph Norman Angell, Ramsay MacDonald, Ponsonby, Edmund Dene Morel). One cannot but welcome the complete bibliography of all the articles V. Lee published in the Labour Leader, provided on page 48.

With these letters come newspaper clippings faithfully transcribed : a fantastic glimpse into the experience of reading news from past times of war, which shows that censorship did not quite quench communication nor did it completely stifle the circulation of literary items and news from other countries.

This book restores and enlarges our knowledge of two major underrated writers, giving us an insight into the modes of their letter writing practices and the function of these documents, between the private, intimate sphere and the public sphere. Indeed, giving vent to the two friends’ heartfelt indignations or enthusiasms, their letters were often a springboard for notes, articles, or even books. This is evidenced thanks to Zorn and Sieberg’s references to the complete V. Lee literary production, good summaries of which are provided (Althea, Louis Norbert, Sister Benvenuta and the Christ Child, Satan the Waster...)

The originality of the book also lies in the fact that the political entanglements are unveiled  by the two-way exchanges of letters, which crudely and poignantly reveal how ensnared public opinion was, on both sides. The pro-German references, the presentation of any situation seen from two different, and conflicting, viewpoints, make us aware of the incredibly complex trap and tangled up skein in which cosmopolitan friends like V. Lee and I. Forbes-Mosse found themselves.

They both denounce propaganda, as in the case of the dumdum cartridges. They both fight against the rumours amplified and circulated by the media ; sometimes they fail and are mistaken, as in the case of the « news » of Rosa Luxembourg and Karl Liebknecht’s murder reported in… 1914.

V. Lee, who had been a staunch supporter of the Boers’ cause, analyses the causes of this 1914-1918 war. In no way, according to her, can it be ascribed solely to narrowly European bitternesses and dislikes, be they inherited from former centuries. WWI was the aftermath and a replica of the Boers war, the two Morocco crises (very clearly explained, Sieberg and Zorn 54), the Italo-Turkish (Tripolitan) war (1911-12), which « both Lee and I. Forbes-Mosse had vehemently abhorred » (Sieberg and Zorn 71). At stake are colonial and commercial issues. Once started, the war is fed by propaganda and fuelled by « an unconscious drive to mimicry » (Lee in Sieberg and Zorn 71).

Indeed, by September 1914 the word « Pro-Boer » has become a synonym of « pacifist », and V. Lee keeps complaining about the absence of a real opposition –except the UDC– to the government –contrary to the Boers war time. Now, as Zorn subtly remarks, « German public opinion being massively pro-Boer, had caused strong anti-German feelings in Britain » (Sieberg and Zorn 38).

A masterpiece indeed, Sieberg and Zorn’s exemplary edition is a model of its kind and a must-read reference book, not only for all Lee scholars and Irene Forbes-Mosse specialists, but also for historians. The general public will appreciate the lively dialogue between two friends whose deep feelings for one another were hurt and whose most intimate beliefs in humanity were challenged by the horrors of bloodshed and hatred , but who, each in her own way, kept working for peace in the midst of adversity.

« J’appelle héros, seuls, ceux qui furent grands par le cœur. » Romain Rolland

Sophie Geoffroy

[1] Killed in action, Mons battle (22-28 August 1914).

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